Edict on Measures in Implementation of Foreign Policy Signed

Text of report by Russian presidential website on 7 May

[Unattributed report: "Edict on Measures in Implementation of Foreign Policy Signed"]

Vladimir Putin has signed the Edict "On Measures in the Implementation of the Russian Federation’s Foreign Policy".

The full text of the Edict:

For the purposes of the consistent implementation of the Russian Federation’s foreign policy, enabling its national interests to be ensured on the basis of the principles of pragmatism, openness, and multivectoredness in conditions of the formation of the new polycentric system of international relations, I decree:

1. The Russian Federation Foreign Ministry, together with other federal executive organs, shall:

a) promote the creation of favourable external conditions for the Russian Federation’s long-term development, the modernization of its economy, and the strengthening of Russia’s positions as an equal partner in the world markets;

b) strive for the assertion of the supremacy of law in international relations, firmly defend the United Nations’ central role in world affairs, the fundamental principles of the UN Charter, which require the development of friendly relations between states on the basis of equality, and respect for their sovereignty and territorial integrity, the main responsibility of the UN Security Council for maintaining international peace and security, and the expansion of the Russian Federation’s contribution to UN peacekeeping operations;

c) actively put into operation various forms of multilateral diplomacy, including BRICS, the G20, the G8, and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization;

d) promote the activation of collective international efforts to counter global challenges and threats including the danger of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems, international terrorism, narco-trafficking, organized crime, and regional conflicts;

e) in relations with states participating in the CIS:

examine the development of multilateral collaboration and integration processes in the area of the CIS as a key direction of Russian Federation foreign policy;

consistently implement a policy aimed at the further development of diverse cooperation among the CIS states in socio-economic, humanitarian, law enforcement, and other spheres;

promote the entry into force and practical implementation of the 18 October 2011 Free Trade Zone Treaty;

continue actively expanding collaboration with Belarus within the Union State framework;

promote the deepening of Eurasian integration within the framework of the Customs Union and the Single Economic Area of the Russian Federation, Belarus, and Kazakhstan and the creation by 1 January 2015 of the Eurasian Economic Union, based on the openness of these processes for the affiliation of other states, first and foremost the members of the Eurasian Economic Community and the participants in the CIS, and promote the international positioning of new integration structures;

strengthen the CSTO, its mechanisms for prompt response to present-day challenges and threats and its peacekeeping potential, and improve foreign policy coordination within this organization’s framework;

continue to actively participate in the search for ways to resolve the Dniester problem on the basis of respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, and neutral status of Moldova while determining the special status of the Dniester Region;

continue consistent work in the interests of the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in collaboration with other states-co-chairmen of the OSCE Minsk Group, and on the basis of the principles set out in the joint statements made by the president of the Russian Federation, the President of the United States, and the president of France in 2009-11;

f) actively promote the establishment of Abkhazia and South Ossetia as modern democratic states, the strengthening of the international positions, the ensuring of the reliable security and the socio-economic restoration of these republics;

g) in relations with the EU;

advocate the attainment of the strategic goal of the creation of a single economic and human area from the Atlantic to the Pacific;

strive for the conclusion of an agreement with the EU on the abolition of visas for citizens’ short-term reciprocal trips;

defend the principles of equality and mutual benefit in work on the new base agreement on strategic partnership between the Russian Federation and the EU;

promote the effective implementation of the "Partnership for Modernization" programme;

and develop mutually-beneficial energy partnership for the purpose of creating a single European energy complex, striving for the strict observance of the existing bilateral and multilateral treaty commitments;

h) in the Asia-Pacific region:

increase participation in regional integration processes for the purpose of promoting the accelerated socio-economic development of the regions of the Russian Federation’s Eastern Siberia and Far East;

promote initiatives in the formation of a new security and cooperation architecture in the Asia-Pacific region based on collective, extra-bloc principles and the norms of international law and the principle of equal and indivisible security;

develop additional proposals for inclusion on the agenda of East Asian summits and the Russia-ASEAN dialogue partnership;

and deepen the equal confidential partnership and strategic collaboration with the PRC and the strategic partnership with India and Vietnam, develop mutually-beneficial cooperation with Japan, the Republic of Korea, Australia, New Zealand, and other key states of the Asia-Pacific region;

i) in relations with the United States;

pursue a policy of maintaining stable and predictable collaboration on the basis of the principles of equality, non-interference in internal affairs, and respect for mutual interests, guided towards raising bilateral cooperation to a truly strategic level;

pay priority attention to the qualitative growth of trade and economic cooperation, expanding the activity of the Russia-US presidential commission, ensuring an equitable, non-discriminatory regime in bilateral trade on a permanent and unconditional basis;

conduct active work for the purpose of preventing the imposition of unilateral extraterritorial sanctions by the United States against Russian corporate bodies and individuals;

promote initiatives regarding the further liberalization of the visa regime;

ensure the consistent implementation of the 8 April 2010 Treaty between the Russian Federation and the United States on measures in the further reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms;

proceed from the basis that talks on further reductions of strategic offensive arms are possible only in the context of taking account of all factors without exception influencing global strategic stability;

consistently defend Russia’s approaches in connection with the creation of the US global missile-defence system, striving for firm guarantees that it is not targeted against Russia’s nuclear deterrence forces;

j) in the Euro-Atlantic region;

continue work for the purpose of creating a system of equal and indivisible security on an international-legal basis in the Euro-Atlantic area;

develop relations with NATO commensurate with its readiness to take into account the Russian Federation’s interests in the sphere of security and strategic stability and respect the fundamental principles of international law;

promote initiatives in the reform of the OSCE for the purposes of its transformation into an effective mechanism for collective collaboration in the interests of all participant states;

and support the activity of the Council of Europe in strengthening the common legal area for all European states;

k) continue to deepen relations with the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, consolidate the positions on the agenda of international forums, ensure the implementation of measures aimed at utilizing the potential of the growing markets of Latin America to consolidate Russian companies in the dynamically-developing sectors of industry, power engineering, communications, and transport, and also to broaden cooperation with multilateral associations in the region;

l) and develop the traditionally friendly ties with the countries of Africa for the purposes of the further promotion of the Russian Federation’s geopolitical and economic interests on the basis of multifaceted, mutually-beneficial cooperation, expand contacts with the African Union and sub-regional associations in the solution of the problems of Africa’s development;

m) in regard to crisis situations;

defend the unavoidability [bezalternativnost] of the political-diplomatic settlement of regional conflicts on the basis of the international community’s collective actions by involving all the interested parties in talks;

promote the all-embracing settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict on the generally-recognized international-legal basis;

support the creation in the Near East of a zone free from weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems;

advocate the elimination of intrastate crises in the region of the Near East and North Africa by the cessation of violence whatever its origin and the conduct of general national dialogue without prior conditions on the basis of the respect of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of states and non-interference in their internal affairs;

on a bilateral basis and in collaboration with partners in the CSTO and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and also within the framework of projects in the Russia-NATO Council sphere, assist Afghanistan in the work of building a peaceful, independent, democratic state capable of resolving by itself the problems of the fight against terrorism, narcotics, and organized crime;

strive for the settlement of the situation around Iran’s nuclear programme exclusively by political-diplomatic means through the establishment of dialogue and on a phased and reciprocal basis;

and promote the peaceful settlement of the Korean peninsula’s nuclear problem within the framework of the six-party negotiation process and the continuation of work on the formation of a mechanism of peace and security in Northeast Asia;

n) continue purposeful work on the appropriate international-legal formalization of the Russian Federation’s external borders including the external borders of the continental shelf and the demarcation of the adjoining maritime areas while unconditionally ensuring Russia’s national interests, first and foremost in the sphere of security and the economy based on the task of strengthening confidence and cooperation with contiguous states;

o) pursue a constructive line aimed at strengthening a diverse-format cooperation in the Arctic while respecting the sovereignty and jurisdiction of the Arctic states;

p) continue work on preserving and expanding the Russian Federation’s presence in the Antarctic including on the basis of the effective use of the mechanism and procedures envisaged by the system of the Treaty on the Antarctic;

r) and promote the advancement and protection of the interests of Russian business in foreign markets, ensure diplomatic backup for national business projects, and counteract discrimination abroad against Russian participants in foreign economic activity;

s) in the sphere of international humanitarian ties;

do active work in defence of human rights, counteract attempts to use human rights protection concepts as an instrument of political pressure and interference in the state’s internal affairs;

ensure the all-around protection of the rights, freedoms, and lawful interests of Russian citizens and fellow-countrymen living abroad, adopt measures to expand the Russian Federation’s foreign consular establishments and increase federal budget appropriations for the corresponding projects in the sphere of the Government Commission for the Affairs of Fellow-Countrymen Abroad and the non-commercial organization the "Fund for the Support and Protection of the Rights of Fellow-Countrymen Living Abroad";

activate efforts in the creation of a firm legal basis and mechanisms for the effective protection of the rights and lawful interests of Russian children (male or female) adopted abroad including the conclusion of the corresponding intergovernmental agreements and the preparation of proposals on submitting the necessary amendments to Russian Federation legislation;

and expand the Russian cultural presence abroad, strengthen the position of the Russian language in the world, and develop the network of Russian scientific and cultural centres;

t) in the interests of enhancing the productivity of Russian foreign policy, make more effective use of the resource of public diplomacy, involve civil society in the foreign policy process, strengthen collaboration with the Russian Federation Public Chamber, the non-commercial organization "The Fund for the Support of Public Diplomacy named for Gorchakov," and other non-governmental organizations of a foreign policy type, promote their broad participation in the activity of world expert-political analysis dialogue forums and in international humanitarian cooperation;

u) improve the information accompaniment for foreign policy activity in the interests of the objective perception of the Russian Federation in the international arena;

v) and ensure the protection of the Russian Federation’s rights to its diplomatic real estate abroad; assist in the settlement of questions connected with the placement of foreign states’ diplomatic missions on Russian Federation territory.

2. The Russian Federation Government is to elaborate a concept for the strengthening of the resource and cadre potential of the system of the Russian Federation Foreign Ministry, the Russian Federation Ministry for Economic Development, and the Federal Agency for the Affairs of the CIS, Fellow Countrymen Living Abroad, and International Humanitarian Cooperation.

3. The Russian Federation Foreign Ministry shall:

a) present in the established manner by December 2012 a draft new version of the Concept of Russian Federation Foreign Policy;

b) and ensure the coordination of work connected with the implementation of the present Edict.

4. The present Edict goes into force from the day of its official publication.

Source: President of the Russian Federation website, Moscow, in Russian 7 May 12

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