PRC-Russian Federation Joint Statement on Further Deepening China-Russia Comprehensive Strategic Partnership of Coordination Based on Equality and Trust

Text of report in Chinese by official Chinese news agency Xinhua (New China News Agency)

Beijing, 6 June – PRC-Russian Federation Joint Statement on Further Deepening China-Russia Comprehensive Strategic Partnership of Coordination Based on Equality and Trust (Full Text)

At the invitation of PRC President Hu Jintao, Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin paid a state visit to the PRC from 5 to 6 June 2012. The two heads of state held talks in Beijing. PRC National People’s Congress [NPC] Standing Committee Chairman Wu Bangguo, PRC State Council Premier Wen Jiabao, Vice President of the State Xi Jinping, and State Council Vice Premier Li Keqiang had separate meetings with President Putin.

During the visit, the two sides signed a series of important documents of cooperation between departments and enterprises, covering the cooperation in industrial, civil aviation, traditional energy, nuclear energy, mutual investment, tourism, and between the Skolkovo and Zhongguanxun Science and Technology Parks; as well as cooperation in export credit and insurance, and the media.

I.

The two sides reviewed the course of development in China-Russia relations in the new century, and are satisfied with the fruitful results of bilateral cooperation in various fields.

The two sides are committed to further strengthen theing China-Russia comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination characterized by equality and trust, mutual support, common prosperity, and friendship from generation to generation; and will strictly abide by the principles of respect for each other’s interests and rights to independently choose their social systems and development paths, mutual noninterference in internal affairs, mutual support on issues concerning sovereignty, territorial integrity, security, and other core interests, win-win mutual benefit, and non-confrontation. The two heads of state pointed out: These principles, which are one the top priority orientations of the diplomacy of the two countries, conform to the fundamental national interests of the two countries and are conducive to achieving their development and prosperity and maintaining regional and world peace, security, and stability.

The two sides will further implement the plan for developing China-Russia relations in the next decade, which was decided upon by the leaders of the two countries. To this end, the two sides have agreed the following:

— To maintain close high-level exchanges and improve the mechanisms for cooperation between parliaments, government, and departments;

— To complete the Outline for Implementing the 2009-2012 PRC-Russian Federation Treaty of Good-Neighborly Friendship and Cooperation, and to formulate and approve the outline for implementing the 2013-2016 treaty;

— To strengthen communication and coordination between the two sides on regional and global issues within the framework of China-Russia strategic and security consultation mechanism;

— To comprehensively deepen pragmatic cooperation in all fields by striving to increase bilateral trade to $100 billion before 2015 and $200 billion before 2020, making concerted efforts to improve the quality of economic and trade cooperation, and boosting cooperation in the investment, energy, hi-tech, aviation and aerospace, cross-border infrastructure construction, and other fields, focused on efforts to promote major strategic projects of cooperation between the two countries and expand cooperation at the local level and exchanges between enterprises;

— To further solidify the social foundation of bilateral relations by drawing up programs of action for China-Russian cultural cooperation, successfully hosting the 2012 "Russian tourism year" in China and the 2013 "Chinese tourism year" in Russia, promoting regular exchanges between youths of the two countries and consulting and deciding on the mechanism for mutual dispatch of youth delegations in the next five years, implementing effectively the plan on summer school for 300 young students of Moscow University, and providing assis tance to the Chinese and Russian friendship, peace, and development committees and other bilateral social organizations;

— To strengthen cooperation between border areas of the two countries in the spirit of good neighborliness, mutual understanding, mutual trust, and equality and mutual benefit, including conducting joint national boundary inspections, implementing measures for military mutual trust and reduction of military forces in border areas, navigating the boundary rivers and carrying out necessary improvement of boundary rivers, protecting the environment, promoting coordinated development in border areas, and carrying out cross-border infrastructure and border port construction;

— To enhance the traditional friendship between the armed forces of the two countries by deepening cooperation at various levels and in all fields between the armed forces of the two countries, and carrying out joint military exercises aimed at improving coordinating capacity of the armed forces of the two countries and promoting regional peace, security, and stability;

— To perfect the existing mechanisms of cooperation in cracking down on transnational crimes, terrorism, and narcotics by expanding cooperation between judicial and procuratorial organs and continuing to discuss the issue of establishing the China-Russia council on cooperation in law enforcement and security;

— To perfect the legal foundation of treaties within the framework of comprehensive coordination in immigration to facilitate legal contacts between citizens of the two countries and to prevent and crack down on illegal immigration activity; and

— To protect the legitimate rights and interests of citizens of the two countries through close coordination, including the establishment of additional reciprocal consular organizations.

II.

The two sides pointed out: International relations are undergoing rapid and profound changes. Interdependence among countries has further increased, and the reform of global economic management mechanism has further advanced in depth. The emerging economies are playing a more and more important role, and the trend of multi-polarization has developed in a thoroughgoing way. The necessity of objective response to current global challenges demands countries to unite as one in coordinating mutually beneficial cooperation in all forms.

The two sides advocate concerted efforts by the international community in the following areas:

— Politically, it is necessary to carry out cooperation in all fields based on equality and mutual respect to promote the establishment of the rule of law in international law and the multi-polarization and democratization in international relations; and reinforce the role of the United Nations as the core by scrupulously abiding by the UN Charter and universally recognized principles and norms of international law, opposing the attempt to revise and willfully interpret them, respecting countries’ sovereignty and territorial integrity, respecting the right of the peoples of countries to independently choose their social systems and development paths, insisting on resolving contradictions and differences in the form of peaceful dialog, and opposing interferences in other countries’ internal affairs.

— Economically, it is necessary to carry out cooperation and complement each other with one’s own strengths; push economic globalization to develop in a balanced and mutually beneficial direction of accommodating each other’s interests; establish a just, open, reasonable, and nondiscriminatory international trade order; work concertedly to implement the UN Millennium Development Goal; actively bring into play the role of international and regional economic and financial organizations; and tap the potential of cooperation of the United Nations, G20, BRIC countries, and SCO.

— In the security area, it is necessary to launch cooperation based on equality and mutual trust; establish a fair and effective mechan ism for safeguarding common, equal, and indivisible security; abandon the Cold War mentality and bloc confrontation; and oppose the use force or threat to use force nu bypassing the UN Charter.

— In the area of humanities, it is necessary to preserve national characteristics while learning from other nations. It is necessary to respect cultural diversity; encourage elimination of spiritual barriers and ideological bias among the public of countries; strive to build true civilized dialog; and promote cultural exchanges as an effective tool for achieving harmony in international relations.

— In the field of environment, it is necessary to carry out international cooperation and utilize innovative technology in taking the road of sustainable growth to realize harmonious coexistence between man and nature.

III.

The two sides highly evaluated the tremendous achievements of the SCO from 2011 to 2012 when China served the presidency, which have significantly consolidated the legal foundation of treaties aimed at safeguarding regional security and stability and expanding economic and cultural exchanges. The "good-neighborly friendship year" activity, which China initiated, has further established the basic concept of the SCO and encoyuraged the peoples of SCO countries in learning from each other in cultural traditions. All parties are actively committed to promoting the principle of lasting peace, common prosperity, and mutual respect, thereby enhancing the SCO’s prestige and influence conspicuously.

BOTh sides maintained: The upcoming SCO Beijing Summit will inject new vitality into the development of the SCO, and is an important move taken by the Organization to strengthen its role in international and regional affairs.

BOTh sides maintained: It is of great importance to further deepen the cooperation in guaranteeing regional peace and security within the SCO framework. To this end, it is necessary to hold regular consultation on regional security issues, including the Afghan issue, within the SCO framework and invite observer nations and other relevant parties to participate in the consultation.

China and Russia will promote economic cooperation by way of implementing large cooperation projects in the fields of energy, energy conservation, transportation, agriculture, and hi-tech. To provide financing security for above-mentioned cooperation projects, the two countries will continue to actively explore issues related to the establishment of SCO development fund (special account) and development banks at the expert level.

BOTh sides expressed support for the SCO to expand dialogs with other countries and international organizations; reiterated adherence to the SCO’s principle of openness; attached importance to the desire of interested countries to join the SCO; and will step up consultations on laws, finance, and administrative conditions for expanding SCO membership.

IV.

BOTh sides reiterated: Maintaining peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula and realizing denuclearization of the Peninsula conforms to the common aspiration of the relevant parties; and realization of this goal is of utmost importance to peace, stability, and security in the Asia-Pacific region. Both sides firmly oppose any behaviour detrimental to peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula and to realization of denuclearization on the Peninsula; and urge the relevant countries to exercise restraint to avoid further complication of the situation on the Peninsula. Both sides maintain that dialog and consultation are the only effective way to resolve problems on the Korean Peninsula. China and Russia appeal to all relevant countries to resume the Six-Party Talks at an early date and use balanced and peaceful means to address the concerns of relevant parties and realize long-term order and stability in the region.

The two sides reiterated firm support for the Syria Arab Republic’s sovereignty, independence, unification, and territorial integrity and strict adherence to the purpose and principles of the UN Charter, steadfastly maintaining that the crisis in Syria must be resolved justly and peacefully by suspending violence by all parties in the conflict and initiating comprehensive political talks and without outside interferences. Both sides resolutely opposed the attempt to resolve the Syrian crisis by way of foreign armed intervention and imposition of "regime change" in the UN Security Council and under other circumstances. Both sides are convinced that the international community must step up coordination to jointly support the mediation effort by Kofi Annan, the joint UN-Arab League special envoy on the Syrian crisis, and urge all parties in the conflict in Syria to stop armed confrontation immediately and comprehensively implement Annan’s "six-point proposal" and peace plan ! and the relevant UN Security Council resolutions. To this end, China and Russia welcome the plan to dispatch a UN supervisory team based strictly on UN Security Council Resolution 2043.

The two sides urged the Syrian government and all opposition groups to start political talks as soon as possible, striving to achieve normalization of the situation and restoration of the domestic security and legal order.

Both sides opposed the use of force or threat to use force; disapproved excessive pressure and unilateral sanctions against Iran; and advocated active efforts to mediate peace and promote talks on Iran’s nuclear issue, which should be resolved peacefully through dialog and negotiations to prevent the situation from continuing to develop in the confrontational direction, which, especially against the backgrounds of turbulence in the overall situation of Afghanistan, West Asia and North Africa, will bring serious negative influence on the countries in the region and the international community.

The two sides supported Afghanistan to become a peaceful, stable, independent developing country free of terrorism and drug-related crimes. The two sides welcomed the SCO granting the observer status to Afghanistan. Both sides maintained: It is necessary to concentrate efforts on developing and perfecting the SCO and other existing regional cooperation mechanisms involving Afghan affairs to avoid inefficiency caused by overlapping mechanisms.

The two sides emphasized: The Asia-Pacific region is playing an increasingly important role in global affairs. The two sides welcomed increased regional integration and multilateral cooperation and pointed out that this process is conducive to strengthening multi-polarization and democratization in international affairs and to safeguarding peace and stability in the Asia-Pacific region. The two sides pointed out: Countries in the Asia-Pacific region should work together to deal with the multiple challenges and threats still existing in the region. Both sides maintained: The priority tasks of the two countries are: strengthening mutual coordination, promoting the common initiative of the two heads of state, and making efforts to build a safe and sustainable development pattern in the Asia-Pacific region in order to safeguard the common interests of countries and maintain safe and stable environment in the region. The two sides supported the development of partnership among! regional organizations, forums, and dialog mechanisms, including the SCO, APEC, East Asia summit, ASEAN regional forum, defense ministerial meeting of the ASEAN and dialog partners, Asian meeting of mutual coordination and trust measures, and Asia cooperation dialog. The two sides reiterated the willingness for close coordination within the framework of the aforesaid and other multilateral mechanisms.

Source: Xinhua news agency, Beijing, in English 0928gmt 06 Jun 12

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